ART procedures are invasive, expensive and might have some side effects but by adopting this procedure couple facing problems with fertility can also dream to have their own biological child. It involves various technologies.
IVF is the original ‘test-tube'(In-Vitro) baby technique. IVF (in vitro fertilization) is the most common form of ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology). If the fallopian tubes are damaged or the sperm is poor, it is obviously the only acceptable treatment. It is also the most effective treatment for other types of infertilities as well. This procedure achieves remarkable pregnancies even in women with hopelessly damaged fallopian tubes, seemingly sterile husbands, and even “unexplained” infertility.
ICSI is an acronym for Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection. It is a specialized form of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) that is used for the treatment of severe cases of male-factor infertility. ICSI involves the injection of a single sperm directly into a mature egg. This usually results in normal fertilization in about 75-85% of eggs injected with sperm. Today ICSI is regarded as the most trustworthy form of treatment for men who are infertile and is used in nearly half of all IVF treatments.
Intrauterine insemination or IUI is commonly known as artificial insemination. In this procedure, the sperm is placed into the reproductive tract of the woman. . The goal of IUI is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chance of fertilization finally resulting in achieving pregnancy. In comparison to IVF it is less invasive and less expensive. Usually IUI procedure involves following four steps:
Egg donation is the process by which a woman donates eggs to enable another woman to conceive as part of an assisted reproduction treatment. Egg donation typically involves in vitro fertilization technology. In this procedure eggs obtained from a young healthy woman (the donor) are fertilized in the laboratory by sperm from the recipient’s partner or sperm donor. The resulting embryos are then transferred to the recipient’s uterus (womb). Egg donation is a third party reproduction as part of assisted reproductive technology (ART).
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